Partition Timber Walls
How To Build A Stud Wall
Stud or Partition walls are standard in most properties these days because of there ease of construction and cost, it also makes the electrical and plumbing work easy. Building a stud wall on a DIY basis is quite an easy task once you have learnt a few basic rules. First of all what tools are you going to need.
- Circular Saw, chop saw, had saw
- 3 inch screws
- Impack driver, battery screw driver
- Spirit Level
How to fix them ?
you can nail them together but i would recommend you use screws for your first attempt, you will need an impack screw driver or any battery screw driver capable of screwing in a 3 inch screw. Yes you can use a hammer and nails but what you will find hammering will move the timbers off your plumb line and will make the job frustrating, a nail gun is a great option but they can be dangerous with out some tuition.
For this Blog lets say your constructing a single straight wall to partition and the finished wall will be plaster boarded, insulated and then finished.
So what size timber ? 3 x 2 or 4 x 2 is probably the norm here in the UK remember your going to want to insulate it which will also act as sound proofing as well, for insulation i would go for dense foiled backed, this is easy to cut to size has excellent thermal properties.
How much timber your going to need ? If the wall your building is 6 meters long X 2.4 meters high your going to need 17 vertical timbers at 400mm centres plus you head plate(the timber thats fixed to the ceiling) and your sole plate (the timber that is fixed to the floor) i would say approximately 60 meters but the timbers need to be 3 meters long to cut down on waste.
Its not difficult to work out roughly the amount your going to need and ask at your store what lengths the timber is supplied at, this can alter from store to store, a timber merchants will be your best bet.
Lets get Started
Start with your sole plate and fix this to the floor make sure its parallel to other walls and when screwing it down make sure there is no pipes or cables bellow,
The next step is to fix a head plate directly above the sole plate, here is where the fun starts, there are a couple of ways, use a level, cut a straight length of timber if your level isn’t long enough and place the level on the timber this will effectively extend your level mark the ceiling and fix your head plate, you will need to find the ceiling joists to screw into.
Ok so you have your top and bottom timber fixed ? next step is to fix the two end vertical timbers these need to be screwed to the wall, you should now have, Top, Bottom and two side timbers fixed ? All you have to do now is fill the middle in.
If your using 2.4 meter plaster boards, fix your vertical timbers at 400mm centres, note plumb each vertical timber with your level.
Once you have marked your sole plate at 400mm put a cross the side of the line the bottom of the timber will sit then fix this into place with 2 x screws then plumb the timber with your spirit level and mark the top and fix with 2 x screws don’t worry that the timbers are bowing in the middle you are going to fix cross supports (noggins) next.
Ok Your vertical timbers are in place and plumbed next your going to cut horizontal noggins between each timber, measure inside between the timbers approximately half way between the head and the sole plate then fix each noggin in place with screws you can stager the noggins to make it easier to fix.
Before you board the walls you can now install any electrical cables or plumbing pipes then insulate. if your planning on constructing a few walls there are tools you can buy to make the job easier for example rather than using screws you can use nail gun, chop saw and a laser. Always use a marking square when marking any cuts this will make sure all your cuts a nice and square, this will help when trying to plumb using your spirit level, try and buy timber that is straight and not twisted and store the timber flat on the floor in a dry location.
A laser is a great option they are cheap to buy these days and speed up the job, they will give you a plumb line with out the need for a level, Chop saws are also cheap to buy easy to use and will cut square and accurate every time. You will use these basic tools time and time again and will pay for them selves in know time, have a look at the second hand market, the chop saw were using above is B & Q own brand, we have had no problems with it after hundred of cuts and if you want to cut complexed angles it will do that too.